Club Foot

Clubfoot is a condition where one or both feet are positioned rotating inward or downward in a mild or severe manner. The affected foot may also be smaller than usual, particularly in the heel area. It is usually congenital and may even be visible in an in-utero . Clubfoot does not cause pain and can […]

Mallet Toe

Mallet toe happens when the joint at the tip of the toe remains bent and unable to straighten. The condition, caused by and bone and muscle imbalances, can be painful due to the toe’s down-turned tip rubbing against footwear, which creates pressure on the toe. Formation of on top of the affected toe is common […]

Claw Toe

Claw toe, also called claw foot, is a deformity that causes toes to bend upward or downward from a joint. The bottom part of the toe bends up from the joints at the ball of the foot, whereas the top part or tip of the toe bends down from the middle joints, taking on the […]

Jackson-Weiss Syndrome

Jackson-Weiss syndrome is a rare, genetic disorder that affects males and females alike. The disorder causes foot and skull abnormalities due to over-stimulated bone cell growth. On the feet, Jackson-Weiss syndrome impacts the toes, resulting in unusually large, stubby big toes that point inward, fused toe bones, and webbed skin between the second and third […]

Bunions

A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint that results from bone misalignment or repositioning at the joint. Although bunions occur most frequently at the base of the big toe, they can also arise on the outside of the foot at the base of the small toe. When the joint at the base […]

Hammertoe

Hammertoe occurs when the second, third, or fourth toe bends at the middle joint, often as a result of wearing ill-fitting shoes. Genetics, , and muscle imbalance can also cause hammertoe. The affected toe resembles a hammer, which is where the deformity it gets its name. With hammertoe, the toe bends downward, rather than pointing […]

Amniotic Band Syndrome

Amniotic band syndrome, or ABS, is a rare condition that affects the fetus during pregnancy. About 1 in 1,200 babies are impacted by amniotic band syndrome. With ABS, thin, fibrous strands of tissue develop inside the amniotic sac and then entrap the fetus’s limbs, digits, or other fetal body parts. The fibrous bands can limit […]

Hallux Varus

Hallux varus is a deformity of the big toe joint that results in the big toe pointing outward, or away from the other toes, whereas a would cause the big toe to lean inward. Hallux varus can be congenital, or it can occur from overcorrective , a tight or short abductor hallucis tendon, or injury. […]

Hallux Rigidus

Hallux rigidus is a degenerative affecting the joint of the big toe that eventually causes the toe to become rigid, or unmovable. Over time, the toe’s motion decreases due to wear-and-tear that deteriorates the articular cartilage, making it difficult to walk, run, or climb stairs, all of which involve pushing off of the big toe. […]

Hallux Limitus

Hallux limitus, an arthritic condition of the hallux, or big toe, involves stiffness in the joint at the base of the big toe. Abnormal alignment of the first metatarsal bone is usually the cause of the condition that restricts motion. Injury, overuse, and genetics are other reasons for the development of hallux limitus. Symptoms include […]